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Angelim tree appearance wood uses and lumber

Angelim trees are a collection of different trees typical throughout the tropical rainforests of Brazil and Guyana. The scientific name of angelim vermelho is hymenolobium excelsum. The tree is part of the leguminoseae family, one of the biggest plant and tree families on the planet. Angelim trees like the vermelho or rajado prefer tropical conditions. Angelim wood is both durable and colorful and therefore used in a wide range of products.


Angelim tree and leaf description

The Angelim vermelho can grow to heights up to 150 feet or 45 meters. This deciduous tree keeps producing leaves all year round due to the tropical conditions where it grows. Angelim trees have big dark green lanceolate shaped leaves. The leaves fall from the tree tops all year and nourish the soil below.


Angelim tree bark and trunk

Young angelim trees have smooth dark reddish brown bark. When the tree gets older the bark becomes more fissured and scaly. The diameter of the trunk depends on the age of the tree. Old trees can have trunks with a diameter up to 110 inch or 3 meters.

Angelim wood properties and durability

Angelim heartwood when fresh is light orange to orange brown. Exposure to sunlight gives the wood a pale brown color. The sapwood of the tree is white or grayish. Angelim wood has a rather coarse and uneven texture. The average dried weight of the wood at a moisture content of 12% is 1050 kg per cubic meter. The durability of angelim wood is classed as I high durability. It is resistant to most rot type and also to many type of insect.


Angelim wood working tips and uses

Angelim wood is heavy and due to its high density can be hard to work with by hand. Sharp tools are recommended because angelim lumber splinters easy. Pre drilling is always advised when screws or nails are used. Angelim wood is used in heavy construction like bridges but also as flooring, furniture and veneer. Angelim wood can be used as a replacement of azobe (link)

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